LEARn about the issue

You can be an ally by committing to learning more about this issue, and encouraging those around you to do the same. Information is power, and your involvement will help us take a pro-active approach to tackling this issue.


what is sexual exploitation & trafficking?

#NotInMyCity encourages the use of the United Nations definition of sexual exploitation and trafficking. By their definition, human trafficking has 3 main elements:

The Act (What is done)

  • Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons.

The Means (How it is done)

  • Threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim.

The Purpose (Why it is done)

  • For the purpose of exploitation, which includes exploiting the prostitution of others, sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery or similar practices and the removal of organs.

  • Trafficking and smuggling are different, in that trafficking is based on exploitation and doesn’t require movement across borders, where smuggling is based on movement and involves moving a person across a border in violation of immigration laws.


the victims of trafficking

  • 98% of trafficking victims worldwide are women and girls

  • 93% of trafficking victims in Canada come from Canada

  • More than 75% of people involved in the sex trade began working as children

  • More than 50% of victims in Canada are indigenous women and girls

  • 25% of victims in Canada are under 18 years old

  • there are some populations in Canada who are more vulnerable to trafficking, including new immigrants, LGBTQ+ youth, and indigenous girls and women

  • trafficking is just as common in rural communities as it is in larger urban centres


signs that may indicate trafficking of a person

  • claims of “just visiting” and inability to clarify where they are staying or their address

  • lack of knowledge to whereabouts and/or do not know what city they are in

  • appear to have lost their sense of time

  • shares scripted, confusing, or inconsistent stories

  • protects the person who may be hurting them or minimizes abuse

  • has few or no personal possessions

  • is frequently monitored

  • is not in control of their own money, financial records, or bank account

  • is fearful, anxious, depressed, submissive, tense or nervous/paranoid

  • exhibits unusually fearful or anxious behaviour after bringing up law enforcement or immigration officials

  • shows signs of substance use or addiction

  • is not in control of their own identification documents (ID or passport)

  • is not allowed or able to speak for themselves (a third party may insist on being present and/or translating)


the perpetrators of trafficking

  • traffickers violate the basic human rights of their victims and use various methods to maintain control over their victims, including physical violence, sexual assault and emotional abuse

  • traffickers maintain control over their victims using a variety of methods including controlling victim money, documents and passports when traveling

  • traffickers exploit vulnerable people and are very adept at identifying vulnerabilities

  • perpetrators of this crime don’t fit a single stereotype - they represent every social, ethnic and racial group

  • some perpetrators are involved with local gangs, and others are members of larger nation-wide gangs and criminal organizations, and some have no affiliation with any one group

  • traffickers can also be women, in fact many women run established rings around the country


2019 MEDIA